(Português do Brasil) Disciplinas Condensadas 2018.1

Esse semestre teremos duas disciplinas condensadas sendo oferecidas:

1. DISCIPLINA: Métodos quantitativos do comportamento animal (05 a 09/03/2018) a partir das 8:00h na sala 107 do CBB
Coordenadora da disciplina: Valéria Romano

Carga horária: 24h presenciais e 24h para elaboração do trabalho final

Ementa:
A disciplina tem por finalidade apresentar as ferramentas para análise do comportamento social, que envolvem a amostragem de dados, análises de redes sociais e ferramentas quantitativas. As aulas são dividas em uma parte teorica, que também inclui discussão de artigos-chave na área, e uma parte prática, onde pacotes disponiveis no freeware R e o software SocProg são apresentados. A disciplina oferece uma introdução ao estudo do comportamento animal, mas prioriza uma abordagem quantitativa do comportamento.

Conteudo programático:
1. Breve introdução à Ecologia Comportamental e Etologia
2. Análise da estrutura social (definição, medidas, problemática)
3. Técnicas de análises e coleta de dados (análises estatísticas e seleção de modelos, matrizes de dados, classificação, formato dos dados, amostragem)
4. Modelagem da estrutura social (atributos da estrutura social, análises de redes sociais, visualização)
5. Perspectivas e conclusão

Bibliografia:
1. Whitehead H (2008) Analyzing animal societies: Quantitative methods for vertebrate social analysis. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago. 336pp.
2. Krause J, Croft D, James R (2007) Social network theory in the behavioral sciences: potential applications. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 62(1): 15–27.
3. Farine DR, Whitehead H (2015) Constructing, conducting, and interpreting animal social network analysis. Journal of Animal Ecology. 84(5): 1144–1163. (doi:10.1111/13652656.12418).
4. Farine DR (2013) Animal social network inference and permutations for ecologists in R using asnipe. Methods in Ecology and Evolution. 4(12): 1187–1194. (doi:10.1111/2041210X.12121).
5. Kurvers RHJM, Krause J, Croft DP, Wilson ADM, Wolf M (2014) The evolutionary and ecological consequences of animal social networks: emerging issues. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 29: 326–335. (doi:10.1016/j.tree.2014.04.002).

————————————————————————————-
DISCIPLINA 2

2. COURSE FOR GRADUATE STUDENTS: EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGES ON COASTAL MARINE AND ESTUARINE ENVIRONMENTS (EFEITOS DAS MUDANÇAS CLIMÁTICAS SOBRE AMBIENTES MARINHOS COSTEIROS E ESTUARINOS) (12 a 16/03/2018) a partir das 8:00h na sala 107 do CBB
Responsable: Dr Jorge E. Marcovecchio (IADO – CONICET / UNS; UTN – FRBB ; Universidad FASTA)

Duración: 34 hs
SCHEDULE
Background
Global changes within the Climatic System of the planet have a dynamic of variation that has been sustained from its own origin, and which has governed its functioning, structure and condition over time. These changes and variations are objectively verifiable through the use of geochemical, isotopic and paleo-climatic tools widely available today.
The presence of Man on the Planet, and the activities it has developed -fundamentally in the last 300 years- add a certain impact factor on the functioning of the Climate System, which must be studied and quantified in order to understand with certainty the global situation that we are going through, as well as to forecast future scenarios.
This type of evaluations and objective considerations are increasingly important in the planning of human activities, considering the significant risk that this type of situations of profound change entails.

Contents of the course
(1) Climate change (CC). Endogenous and exogenous factors governing it. Historical cycles of variation. Characterization and dynamics of each period. Overview of CC impacts on Earth environments.
(2) Earth’s atmosphere. The global temperature of the air. Isotopes and temperature. Ice witnesses. Latest global temperature. Orbital variations and sunspots. The greenhouse effect. Global energy balance.
(3) Carbon dioxide. Atmospheric concentration The carbon cycle. Carbon emissions. Other gases with greenhouse effect. Aerosols. The role of solar radiation in climate change. Global warming.
(4) Effect on ecosystems. The Oceans and Climate Change: thermal and salinity variations; acidification. Changes in sea level. Impact on terrestrial systems: changes in productivity. Floods. Impact on human infrastructure. (5) Evaluation reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Results and forecasts. Simulation models. Mitigation measures to stabilize the climate. Study cases.

Suggested Bibliography
Desonie, D. (2008) Climate: causes and effects of climate change. Chelsea House Ed., New York (USA), 217 pp. (ISBN-13: 978–0-8160–6214–0) Weissenberger, S. & O. Chouinard (2015) Adaptation to Climate Change and Sea Level Rise: the case study of coastal communities in New Brunswick, Canada. Springer Sci. Publ., Dordrecht (The Netherlands), 105 pp. (ISBN 978-94-017-9887-7). Arias, A.H., Marcovecchio, J.E. (2017) Marine pollution and Climate Change. CRC Press – Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Ratón (FL, USA), 327 pp. (ISBN 13: 978-1-4822-9943-4) Ussiri, D.A.N., Lal, R. (2017) Carbon Sequestration for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation. Springer International Publishing, Cham (Switzerland). 554 pp. (ISBN 978-3-319-53843-3) Activities within the course The students will have at their disposal the program of the Course, the planning of each class and the corresponding bibliography. In each of the classes, the planned topics will be discussed, analyzing the chosen bibliography and putting local, regional and/or global examples as appropriate. We will also work with a series of specific publications selected by the professor, which will be analyzed by the students and discussed in class. Efforts will be made to work on lines of analysis and discussion consistent with the lines of work of the students participating in the course.